Maltodextrin, purified water, fructose, flavour (natural <1%), guar gum, xanthum gum, potassium chloride, sodium chloride, citric acid, sodium benzonate (preservative), potassium sorbate (preservative), caffeine.
Almost every ingredient in this product is an isolate, which is something completely separated (with chemicals) away from its natural form. They have become so far from nature that our body would not know what to do with them, resulting in an unfavourable immune response and therefore inflammation. Inflammation is one of the leading cause of illness today, such as heart disease and autoimmune diseases.
Let’s look at maltodextrin for an example, as it is the first ingredient. Firstly, it is derived from either hybridized wheat or corn (most likely genetically modified). From one of the two products, maltodextrin is produced by partitial hydrolysis of the starch. It is used as a thickener or filler, and it is in the form of a white powder when it is added to countless processed foods, just like the photo below. What I wonder is, how does it become a white powder? Is it bleached?
I would also like to point out that it contains two preservatives, which in fact kills our crucial gut micro-flora in. What bugs are going to want to eat this? Are two preservatives REALLY necessary?
I am not sure why anyone would think that this is the most important ingredient to be consumed by an athlete before, after or during exercise.