I received an interesting question last week about yeast extract and MSG, so I thought I’d share the question with you all – and my response.
We were most interested in the newspaper article quoting you in the Brisbane Courier Mail (Saturday July 25), headed “Sneaky Food Label Scam” and which says “Yeast extract … hidden form of MSG found in some spreads, soups, dips, chips, microwave dinners”.
Our question is, how are we to interpret packaging on the Sakata Seaweed rice crackers in our home, which list Yeast Extract in their ingredients but also declare “No added MSG” along with other claims on the packet. Is this an exception to your ‘rule’ or is this company being less than honest with its claims?
Thanking you in anticipation,
Deb & Kev”
Hi Deb and Kev.
Brilliant question. First of all, there is a little background information that is required to understand the labelling and no MSG added on Sakata Seaweed Rice Crackers.
Sakata was bought out by Smith’s, which is a subsidiary of PepsiCo, a large corporation that in my opinion puts dubious ingredients in their products. I always look at a company across the board as to whether I trust them or not and whether I want to purchase their products. If I feel they use ingredients that are unethical then I try not to buy from them at all. I look for companies and people I can trust to purchase my foods from. And if it means I can’t purchase any rice crackers then so be it.
Sakata changes their ingredients all the time, so much so that when I called the company the person I spoke to in customer service said she didn’t know why they put the ingredients on the website as the ingredients are forever changing on their range (all Smith’s foods, including Sakata).
The ingredients on the website state that Seaweed Sakata Rice Crackers are as follows:
RICE FLOUR, SOY SAUCE (SOYBEAN, WHEAT FLOUR, SALT), SUGAR, DRIED SEAWEED, CANOLA OIL.
But when I called the company and asked for the ingredients I was given the following:
RICE 88%, SOYA SAUCE (SOY, WHEAT, SALT) SUGAR, YEAST EXTRACT, DRIED SEAWEED, DEXTROSE, NATURAL COLOUR (CARAMEL), SALT, NATURAL FLAVOUR, CANOLA OIL.
This is vastly different to what is on the website.
I was told by customer service that at first they had no MSG in the Seaweed Sakata Rice Crackers then they added it and then they took it out due to customer demand. She assured me there was no MSG, but her knowledge of Yeast Extract was dismal.
I then went onto the website for more information about their health policies and this is what I read:
It’s PepsiCo’s promise to encourage people to live healthier by offering a portfolio of both enjoyable and wholesome products, as well as helping people to make informed product choices.
Not so sure that their Sakata seaweed product helps people who have issues with additives, colours and glutamates to live healthier or make informed product decisions.
I look at the ingredients on the package of this product and I personally would never eat this food.
What does this mean?
Yeast extract is produced by a number of step by step processes, the main one being that the yeast is killed, the cell wall broken down and discarded and enzymes then break the protein bonds to make free amino acids. Glutamic acid (a free amino acid) is produced which is a glutamate that is free from other molecules. And whether it is 7.5% or 75% free glutamate, it can avoid the MSG labelling while delivering high doses of glutamic acid or free glutamate in each bite of food flavoured with enhanced flavouring additives. Free glutamate or glutamic acid, if less than 75% of an additive, doesn’t have to be labelled MSG. The MSG term won’t be on the label as it pushes concerned consumers away.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) require products that contain MSG to state this on the label. Foods that contain yeast extract don’t need to specify that they contain MSG. However, they can’t claim to contain “No MSG” but they can use the term “no MSG added”. This is the same in Australia and New Zealand.
In nature glutamates are not free but bound and found in smaller amounts and are relatively benign. Using flavours, additives and yeast extracts are less expensive than expensive oils, herbs and spices. You can imagine what a rice cracker with seaweed and vegetable oil would taste like (probably bland).
Free glutamates excite the brain’s cells into making you believe the flavour is in the food and not just in your head.
Some processed natural foods with additives containing free glutamates, such as yeast extracts, claim “no added MSG” which is technically accurate but very deceptive.
Whether free glutamates are an issue in your health is something that only you will know. Some people are dramatically affected by free glutamates while others not so much. Glutamates excite the nervous system, which is the neural tree that reaches every part of your body, meaning that symptoms of reaction to free glutamates can be as far reaching as a migraine to itchy skin, flushed red skin or hyperactivity.
Names of ingredients that always contain processed free glutamic acid:
Any “hydrolyzed protein”
Anything containing “enzymes”
Anything containing “protease”
Anything “enzyme modified”
Anything “protein fortified”
Calcium glutamate (E 623)
Glutamate (E 620)
Glutamic acid (E 620)
Magnesium glutamate (E 625)
Monoammonium glutamate (E 624)
Monopotassium glutamate (E 622)
Monosodium glutamate (E 621)
Soy protein concentrate
Soy protein isolate
Soy sauce extract
Whey protein concentrate
Whey protein isolate
But it’s not just the yeast extract that I would be concerned about.
Another ingredient is dextrose, this is a wheat based sugar, and is produced through many industrial processes. It is a lot cheaper than sugar. I try to stay away from this wheat based sugar; I’d rather consume a sugar that is less refined and made naturally like rapadura sugar.
The salt also needs to be looked at it is probably refined with only sodium and chloride and probably an anticaking agent, devoid of the minerals that you find in natural seaweed salt.
Caramel colour – what is that exactly? It sounds natural, but there is nothing natural about it. Most people would interpret caramel colouring to mean coloured with caramel, but this has nothing to do with the caramel you make at home with sugar and butter, rather it is a concentrated dark brown mixture of chemicals that simply do not occur in nature. In contrast to the caramel you make at home this artificial brown colouring is made by reacting sugars with ammonia and sulphites under high pressure and temperatures. Chemical reactions result in the formation of 2 methylimidazole and 4 methylimidazole, which in government-conducted studies caused thyroid, liver, leukaemia or lung cancer in mice and rats. The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) in the US said there was clear evidence that both 2MI and 4MI are animal carcinogens. Chemicals that cause cancer in animals are considered to also pose a cancer threat to humans. Some natural caramel colours do not use ammonia in the process and have been indicated to be safer, but as there is no accurate labelling, you will never know what process has made your natural caramel colour.
Another dubious ingredient and name is ‘natural flavour’. It includes the following ingredients/chemicals: amyl acetate, amyl butyrate, amyl valerate, anethol, anisyl formate, benzyl acetate, benzyl isobutyrate, butyric acid, cinnamyl isobutyrate, cinnamyl valerate, cognac essential oil, diacetyl, dipropyl ketone, ethyl acetate, ethyl amylketone, ethyl butyrate, ethyl cinnamate, ethyl heptanoate, ethyl heptylate, ethyl lactate, ethyl methylphenylglycidate, ethyl nitrate, ethyl propionate, ethyl valerate, heliotropin, hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone (10 percent solution in alcohol), α-ionone, isobutyl anthranilate, isobutyl butyrate, lemon essential oil, maltol, 4-methylacetophenone, methyl anthranilate, methyl benzoate, methyl cinnamate, methyl heptine carbonate, methyl naphthyl ketone, methyl salicylate, mint essential oil, neroli essential oil, nerolin, neryl isobutyrate, orris butter, phenethyl alcohol, rose, rum ether, γ-undecalactone, vanillin, and solvent. This is not made by nature but rather made in a chemical laboratory. As they have not given the exact name of the flavor it’s hard to know the exact ingredients as they alter slightly depending on the flavour needed.
Canola oil – it doesn’t say it is organic so I’ll assume genetically modified which is probably round up ready and probably has traces of glyphosate, something that destroys your microbiome’s ability to function. Current studies show us the importance of our microbiome for health.
I’ve gotten to the point that I don’t buy foods in a package – I make many of my foods from scratch and if I eat out, I make sure I know the chef and his philosophy around food.
Hope this helps.
Happy changing habits,
PS: Here is a really interesting read: ‘Avoiding MSG? Try memorising the 129 terms food companies prefer to use’ was published on goodfood.com.au on 7 August 2015